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Rosh Hashanah

Home > Holidays > Rosh Hashanah's Guide to Rosh Hashanah
The Month of Elul
Ten Days of Repentance

Rosh Hashanah: Glossary

Havdalah - The short service done at home that concludes Shabbat and holidays. It is done using a cup of wine, and after Shabbat includes a multi-wicked candle, and sweet-smelling spices.

Machzor - Special prayer books for Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur.

Minyan - A group of 10 people that enables certain prayers to be recited.

Rosh Hashanah - The Jewish New Year.

Selichot - Special prayers recited beginning on the Saturday night before Rosh Hashanah and until Rosh Hashanah.

Shevarim - Three short blasts on the shofar. The sounds signify a broken heart.

Shofar - Made from a ram's horn, the special horn blown in synagogue on Rosh Hashanah and at the end of Yom Kippur.

Tekiah - One solid blast on the shofar, lasting a few seconds.

Teruah - Nine quick blasts on the shofar, signifying a weeping heart.

Teshuva - Usually defined as repentance, however, it literally means turning.

Yamim Nora'im - The Days of Awe, or simply, the High Holy Days.

Yom Kippur - The Day of Atonement.

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